Key Education Statistics

1. Total UK Public Spending on Education

Total (central government and local authority) expenditure on education in 2015-16 was £83.4 billion – a reduction in real terms of 7.9% compared with 2011-12. As a percentage of GDP, government expenditure on education has decreased from 5.3% to 4.4% over the period from 2011-12 to 2015-16.

Source: Education and Training Statistics for the UK 2016 SR54/2016, 10 November 2016

2. Total spending on schools in England

£56 billion of funding a year to support all state-provided education for 8 million children aged 3 to 16, 1.6 million 16 to 19 year olds and funding for high needs to age 25 is distributed via the Education Funding Agency.

Source: EFA annual report and accounts for the year ended 31 March 2015, 20 April 2016

3. Capital Spending

Total capital spending by the DfE in 2015-16 was £4.8 billion, which is around 40% lower than the 2009-10 figure in real terms.

Source: School buildings and capital funding (England) House of Commons Research Briefing CBP-7375, 7 September 2016

4. Pupil premium

In the 2016-17 financial year, schools are receiving £1,320 for pupils in reception year to year 6 and £935 for pupils in year 7 to year 11 for each child registered as eligible for free school meals at any point in the previous six years.

Source: Pupil premium: funding and accountability for schools, Department for Education and Education Funding Agency, last updated 8 September 2016

5. Number of pupils

In January 2016 there were 7,808,590 pupils in state-funded primary and secondary schools in England.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

6. Number of schools

In January 2016 there were 24,228 schools of which 3,401 were state secondary schools and 16,778 state primary schools. There were 2,311 independent schools.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

7. Number of academies, including free schools

In January 2016 there were 5,474 academies, including free schools, of which 3,008 were primary, 2,205 secondary, 184 special schools and 77 alternative provision. Overall, 3,022,677 pupils were in academies.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

8. Faith schools

In January 2016 there were 6,817 religious character schools in England. The majority, 6,180, were primary schools, with the remaining 637 being secondaries.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

9. School Size

In January 2016 the average primary school size was 275 pupils and the average secondary school size was 939 pupils.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

10. Average class sizes

In January 2016 the average class size in state-funded primary schools was 27.1 and 20.4 in secondary schools.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

11. Number of teachers, teaching assistants and support staff

There were 456,900 full-time equivalent (FTE) teachers in state-funded schools in England in November 2015. There were 263,000 FTE teaching assistants and 232,000 FTE support staff. Over 1.4 million people (0.95 million FTE) work in state-funded schools.

Source: School workforce in England: November 2015 Department for Education, 30 June 2016

12. School inspections by Ofsted

Of the primary schools inspected in 2015-16, 19% were outstanding, 71% good, 9% required improvement and 1% were inadequate. For secondary schools the proportions were: outstanding 22%, good 56%, requiring improvement 17% and inadequate 5%.

Source: The report of Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Education, Children’s Services and Skills 2015/16, December 2016

13. KS2 attainment

In 2016, 66% of students achieved the expected standard in reading, 73% in grammar, punctuation and spelling and 70% in Maths. The 2016 key stage 2 assessments were a change from previous years and were based on the curriculum that was introduced in 2014.

Source: SFR 46/2016 National Curriculum assessments: key stage 2, 2016 (revised) DfE, 16 December 2016

14. GCSE Attainment and Ebacc

In 2016, 63% of pupils achieved A* to C in English and Maths. Average Attainment 8 score was 40.9, 24.7% of pupils achieved the EBacc and Progress 8 for 97% of schools was between -1.0 and +0.7. There have been changes in the published figures for schools in England in 2016. They now are: attainment across eight qualifications (Attainment 8) and progess (Progess 8) across the same qualifications; attainment in English and Maths (A*to C), English Baccalaureate (EBacc) entry and achievement, (and destinations of pupils after key stage 4).

Source: Revised GCSE and equivalent results in England: 2015 to 2016 SFR03/2017, 19 January 2017

15. A-level and equivalent vocational qualifications

In 2016, 454,116 students completed their 16-18 studies and entered at least one, level 3 academic, applied, general or tech level qualification. The potential number of 16-18 students (those who completed key stage 4 two years previously) dropped by 2.2% compared with 2015. The average grade achieved at A level was a C.

Source: A level and other 16 to 18 results: 2015 to 2016 (provisional), 13 October 2016

16. Free school meals

14.3% of pupils in state-funded schools were known to be eligible and in receipt of free school meals in January 2016.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

17. Pupils with SEND

The number of pupils with special educational needs across all schools in England was 1,228,785 in 2016. This fell from 1,301,445 in 2015. In 2016, 14.4% of pupils had special educational needs, a fall from 15.4% in 2015. This reduction is due to the decline in the number and percentage of pupils with special educational needs without a statement or EHC plan. This has declined in each of the past six years, falling from 18.3% of pupils in 2010 to 11.6% in 2016. 236,805 pupils have a statement or EHC plan. This is an increase of 640 since 2015, but remains equal to 2.8% of the total pupil population.

Source: Special educational needs in England: January 2016 SFR29/2016, 21 July 2016

18. EAL students

In 2016, 20.1% of children in primary schools and 15.7% of children in secondary schools were thought to have had English as an additional language.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

19. Ethnic Group

31.4% of pupils in state-funded primary schools and 27.9% of pupils in state-funded secondary schools were classified as being of minority ethnic origin.

Source: Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016 SFR 20/2016 DfE, 28 June 2016

20. Attendance

The overall absence rate across state-funded primary, secondary and special schools was 4.6% in 2014-15, a slight increase from 4.5% in 2013-14. The overall absence rate in primary schools was 4.0% in 2014-15, up from 3.9% in 2013-14. In secondary schools the absence rate was 5.3% in 2014-15, compared with 5.2% the year before. In special schools the rate was 9.4%, up from 9.0%. The increase is due largely to increases in absence because of illness.

Source: Pupil absence in schools in England: 2014 to 2015 SFR 10/ 2016, 24 March 2016

21. Exclusions

In 2014-15 there were 5,800 permanent exclusions across all state-funded primary, secondary and special schools, an increase from 4,950 in 2013-14. This corresponds to an average of around 31 permanent exclusions per day in 2014-15, up from 26 per day in 2013-14. There were 302,980 fixed period exclusions in state-funded primary, secondary and special schools in 2014-15. The number increased from 269,480 in 2013-14 and corresponds to an average of around 1,590 fixed period exclusions per day, up from an average of 1,420 per day in 2013-14.

Source: Permanent and fixed-period exclusions in England: 2014 to 2015 SFR 26/2016, 21 July 2016 (Last updated: 15 December 2016)

22. Admissions

In 2016, 84.1% of applicants for a secondary school place received an offer of their first preference school; 95.0% received an offer of one of their top three preferences. At primary level, 88.4% of applicants received an offer of their first choice school, and 96.3% received an offer of one of their top three preferences. The number of appeals which actually reached the stage of being heard by the appropriate authority in 2015-16 was 45,784, or 3.0% of new admissions. At secondary level, the rate of appeals heard was 4.5% of new admissions, compared with 3.8% of new admissions in primary schools.

Sources: Secondary and Primary school applications and offers: 2016 Department for Education, 14 June 2016
Admissions appeals in England: academic year 2015 to 2016 SFR 40/2016, 8 September 2016

23. Numbers in Higher Education

In the year 2014-15, 48% of students from state-funded, mainstream schools/colleges went to a higher education institution. This is the same as in 2012-13 and 2013-14.

Source: Destinations of KS4 and KS5 pupils: 2015 (provisional) SFR47/2016, 13 October 2016. (Last updated: 4 November 2016)

24. Student fees

For full-time courses starting in August 2017 the tuition fee loan is up to £9,250 depending on what the HE institution charges. There is also a loan for maintenance costs varying from £7,097 for a full-time student living at home to up to £11,002 living away from home, in London. Grants may be available from the HE institution.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/student-finance/new-fulltime-students

25. Proportion of disadvantaged students in HE

A higher education destination was the most common choice for disadvantaged students (44%) but they were less likely to progress to sustained higher education than other students completing key stage 5 study (49%). This disparity was greater for more selective higher education institutions.

Source: Destinations of KS4 and KS5 pupils: 2015 (provisional) SFR47/2016, 13 October 2016 (Last updated: 4 November 2016)